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ENISA releases its first cyber threat landscape for the health sector

Updated: Aug 22, 2023

The European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) has released its first cyber threat landscape for the health sector. The analysis is based on a total of 215 publicly reported incidents in the EU and neighbouring countries. It identifies prime threats, actors, impacts and trends based on the analysis of cyberattacks targeting health organisations over a period of more than 2 years.

ENISA's cyber threat landscape for the health sector reveals:

  • Healthcare providers accounted for 53% of incidents, with hospitals being the primary target.

  • Ransomware attacks were prominent (54%), primarily aimed at stealing or leaking patient data.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic made the healthcare sector a prime target, highlighting the need for robust cybersecurity practices.

  • Vulnerabilities in healthcare systems and supply chains caused disruptions (7%).

  • Geopolitical developments led to DDoS attacks (9%), but with relatively low impact.

  • Incidents resulted in data breaches (43%), disrupted services (22%), and incurred significant financial losses.

  • Patient safety concerns arise due to potential delays in triage and treatment caused by cyber incidents.


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